What is a Pleural Effusion?

WHAT DOES PLEURAL EFFUSION MEAN? In normal conditions, our lungs are covered by two layers called pleura, which separate and protect the lungs from structures around it. Between these two layers, some amount of fluid is present, which lubricates the layers, while they rub against each other during breathing. Pleural effusion is a condition, in…

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Investigating and Treating Pulmonary Embolism

What are investigations for diagnosing Pulmonary Embolism? A definitive diagnosis of Pulmonary Embolism requires a CTPA (computed tomography pulmonary angiogram). It is a non-invasive and safe procedure that helps visualise the location of the clot by injecting a dye (contrast) into the blood stream. Other related investigation are venous Doppler ultrasound of the lower limb…

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Dangers of Pulmonary Edema

What Is Pulmonary Edema?   Pulmonary edema, or fluid in the lungs, is a condition caused by excess fluid collecting within the lungs themselves. Our lungs contain many small elastic sacs called alveoli. These air sacs expand with each breath and tend to take in oxygen while releasing carbon dioxide.  This allows oxygen to reach…

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Difference between a Cold and the Flu

UNDERSTANDING THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE FLU OR THE COMMON COLD?   Do I have a cold or the flu? Cold/common cold and Flu are two separate illnesses caused by different types of viruses. As the symptoms for both illnesses are mostly similar, it is rather difficult to diagnose which one is affecting an individual simply…

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Mix And Match For Vaccines

YOUR QUESTIONS ON MIX AND MATCH VACCINES/ BOOSTER Up until recently, there have not been any significant guidelines provided by the CDC, regarding mix regarding mix and matching of COVID-19 vaccines. Now the situation appears to be changing and greater clarity is available on booster doses for the COVID-19 virus. Fortifying an individual’s immunity by…

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Omicron-a new variant of concern

Omicron: A new variant This new variant of Covid-19 has been considered as a variant of concern by WHO. The cases have shown that Omicron as compared to the previous variants, has the tendency to spread fast and causes more severe illness. Studies are being conducted to learn more about the Virus.   Is it…

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