COVID-19, caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus, is a respiratory illness, meaning it tends to primarily impact lungs and airways. It is highly contagious, and has proven to have the capacity to cause serious health complications, most notably lung conditions such as severe forms of pneumonia and respiratory distress. However, this virus can impact the function of multiple organs and result in long term health complications. Most at risk of COVID-19 complications are people with underlying health issues and chronic conditions (e.g. lung or heart disorder patients, diabetes or cancer sufferers etc.) but everyone can be impacted even without preexisting conditions,

The initial symptoms can be similar to many other illnesses but must not be ignored. Failure to act before the infection worsens can lead to serious outcomes.

Please contact a doctor for advice in case you or someone in your care experiences any of the following:

  • Sore throat
  • Loss of taste or smell
  • Cough, or other respiratory distress such as shortness of breath
  • Fever/chills
  • Headache, Muscle or body aches and/or notable fatigue
  • Diarrhea, nausea or vomiting
  • Congestion or runny nose

*In case of any of the following emergency symptoms please do not hesitate to seek urgent medical care:

  • Sudden or worsening breathing difficulty,
  • Lips or face appearing blueish,
  • Listlessness, confusion, loss of consciousness or extreme sleepiness.
  • Chest pain or pressure that is persistent or worsening.

Please follow all the local health and safety guidelines and protocols, as well as personal vigilance and effort to contain the further spread of this disease.

Accurate and up-to-date COVID-19 information can be found on the official site of the Government of Pakistan



COVID-19 patient care and monitoring

It is important that people who have been infected with COVID at any time are seen by a pulmonologist (lung specialist) for a thorough examination and follow ups during and after recovery. This is because respiratory illness caused by COVID can have mid to long-term implications on health and especially lungs, with reduced pulmonary function noted even months after infection. Some patients will require intensive rehabilitation, mainly those who suffered severe respiratory symptoms. However, most patients who have had COVID-19 will simply need monitoring and attention during their recovery process.

A lung specialist will perform a thorough examination using various techniques that may include a physical, Pulmonary Function Test, imaging etc., as needed

If you or someone you know has contracted COVID-19 please contact a pulmonologist for examination, treatment and monitoring of your lungs. Timely attention can minimize the impact of COVID lung damage on your long term health outcomes as well as improving the quality of life during the recovery process.


See also: How to get COVID vaccination in Pakistan

page updated on 20.05.2021


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